Monitoring Process Of The Re-construction Of An Ancient Structure: The Baluarte Do Cavaleiro


1 Department of Engineering, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal

2 Department of Civil Engineering, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal

3 Department of Civil Engineering, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal


The Baluarte do Cavaleiro is part of the stone masonry wall system existing in the city of
Chaves of Portugal and it is a construction dated from the XVII century. The Baluarte do
Cavaleiro is formed by three walls (North-East, NE; South-East, SE; South-West, SW) and
by two junction elements (designated here by cunhais). The SE wall has suffered two
collapses recently. The main objective of this research work is to describe the monitoring
process adopted to control the stability of the Baluarte do Cavaleiro and the adjacent
constructions that could be affected during the last rebuilding process of this wall. Taking
into account that this rebuilding process included the total removal of this wall, it was also
possible to identify the real geometry of the cross section of the wall, its building solution and
the type of the sustained soil. It was also possible to contribute for a better understanding of
the structural behaviour of this kind of stone masonry construction.